What Is Jiu Jitsu?

What is Jiu-Jitsu?

Jiu-jitsu is considered one of the most complete martial art methods ever devised. Perth Martial Arts Academy Jiu-jitsu students learn a myriad of techniques useful for self-defence. These include, various joint locks (wrist, elbow, neck, ankle, knee locks), restraints, chokes, throws, take-downs, grappling, sweeps, trips, ground-fighting, wrestling, and nerve pressure point strikes against a wide range of common assaults – armed, unarmed, and multiple attackers.

The methods of Jiu-Jitsu at Perth Martial Arts Academy are suited to any body type, size, age, or gender as force is not emphasised in the initial stages of training. Instead, students are encouraged to employ principles of unbalancing, leverage, timing, correct distancing, posture, pressure, centre of gravity, and exploiting the opponent’s weaknesses. In fact, so broad is our experience with different methods and attributes of Jiu-jitsu, our instructors can readily tailor Jiu-jitsu training to match anyone’s ability or inclination. Among other benefits, the Perth Martial Arts Academy Jiu-jitsu training program will assist you to improve your fitness, flexibility, coordination, awareness, confidence, and self-defence skills in a safe and supportive environment.

Jiu-jitsu translates to Jiu (Ju) ‘gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding’ and ‘jutsu’ means ‘art’ or ‘technique’. Jiu-jistu is often seen spelt as Jiu-Jitsu, Jujutsu, and Jujitsu. No matter the spelling, they are principally the same art. Some confuse the idea of soft or yielding as being potentially weak. However, Jiu-jitsu is far from weak as techniques have a natural strength based on the correct application of anatomical understanding and physics. Furthermore, through the use of correct principles, Jiu-jitsu is one of the few martial arts where the practitioner can control the amount of damage they inflict on an attacker. Perth Martial Arts Academy will teach you many ways to defend against an attack, control and restrain an attacker when required, and if necessary finish the confrontation.

The origins of Jiu-jitsu date back hundreds of years to feudal Japan, when battlefield grappling ‘kumi-uchi’ was the main method of unarmed defence. Generally speaking, punching and kicking was of limited use on the battlefield as Samurai were often clad in armour. When a Samurai lost his principle weapons in close-in fighting, he needed to use unarmed combat methods to finish the fight quickly. Throws, sweeps, trips, holds, joint locks and even chokes were often techniques of choice to assist them in reclaiming weapons to continue fighting. Some Jiu-jitsu schools evolved into specialty schools focused on one method or another. Judo was one such method of Jiu-jitsu that focused mostly on throwing techniques. Whereas, other schools chose locking or ground-fighting as there principle methods. An example of a style that focuses on ground-fighting is the sport of Brazilian Jiu-jitsu which is often referred to as BJJ and associated with MMA, Mixed Martial Arts.

Interestingly, the techniques often claimed to be Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu ground-fighting can be seen in old text and old film from Japan that predate the development of BJJ. The Japanese term for ground-fighting Jiu-jitsu is ‘ne-waza’ meaning ground technique or ‘kosen’ meaning ‘high school’. In the late 1800s many styles of common self-defence were developed to deal with physically larger foreigners sailing into Japan. The Japanese realised their Jiu-jitsu also needed to be modified to suit the foreigners who often arrived with boxing and wrestling skills. Subsequently, ground fighting became more prevalent in Jiu-jitsu systems of the time. Around 1900, Judo adopted the ground techniques of a little known Jiu-jitsu school by the name of Fusen Ryu. by 1914, the Japanese Kosen schools started holding inter-collegiate ground-fighting competitions which is significantly earlier than the advent of BJJ.

Jiu-jitsu has served as the foundation art for many military unarmed combat methods. Since the early 1900s, every military service  in the world has an unarmed combat course that has been founded on the principle teachings of Jiu-jitsu. US President Theordore Roosevelt was even well versed in the techniques of Jiu-jitsu and Aiki-Jujutsu as many experts were dispatched from Japan to expose the rest of the world to their martial culture. Jiu-jitsu is one of the most versatile martial arts in the world and the methods of Jiu-Jitsu taught at Perth Martial Arts Academy will provide a firm foundation for a life time of study and enjoyment in this exciting and limitless martial art.